If you’re thinking about retiring, it can be helpful to understand what your preservation age is and how it affects your ability to access your super.
If you’ve heard the words ‘preservation age’ but have no idea what it means, read on. We explain what it is, the options available once you’ve reached it and how it’s a key part of retirement planning.
What is preservation age?
Your preservation age is generally the earliest age you can access your super, and it’s calculated based on your date of birth. It’s called preservation age because your super is a preserved benefit – locked away until you reach a certain age. You can find out your preservation age below.
|Date of birth||Preservation age|
|Before 1 July 1960||55|
|1 July 1960 - 30 June 1961||56|
|1 July 1961 - 30 June 1962||57|
|1 July 1962 - 30 June 1963||58|
|1 July 1963 - 30 June 1964||59|
|From 1 July 1964||60|
Once you reach your preservation age and meet a condition of release such as retiring, you can start accessing the retirement savings you’ve been accumulating during your working life.
It’s worth noting preservation age is different from the Age Pension eligibility age, which also depends on your birthday. It is currently set at 66 years but will change to 66.5 years on 1 July 2021. Find out more about the Age Pension.
Do I have to retire when I reach preservation age?
Your preservation age doesn’t need to be the age you retire unless you want it to be. If you’re willing and able, it’s possible to carry on working beyond your preservation age.
If you continue working, you can keep building up your super by making personal deductible contributions, or if you are an employee, this can also be achieved through compulsory employer contributions (using the Super Guarantee rate, if eligible), or salary sacrifice contributions.
What can I do once I reach preservation age?
If you’ve reached preservation age and meet a condition of release, you can access your super. Some options have restrictions on the amount of super you can access. Here are some common options:
Starting a transition-to-retirement (TTR) income stream or pension
Under this condition you can access some of the super you’ve saved via regular payments once you reach your preservation age, while continuing to work full-time, part-time or casually.
Retiring from the workforce
Once you’ve met a “Retirement” condition of release, there are no restrictions and you can access the full amount of your superannuation savings. The definition of retirement can be different depending on your age:
- Retirement before age 60
Once you’ve reached your preservation age, and you’re permanently retired, you will be able to access your superannuation without restrictions. You’ll have to make a declaration to your super fund that you don’t have any plans to gain employment again.
- Ceasing an employment arrangement after you reach 60
From age 60, you can leave your job (but not officially retire), and don’t have to make any declaration about your future employment intentions. You can access your super and, if you wish to at some point, return to work. However, any earnings or contributions accrued after you leave your job can’t be accessed until a fresh condition of release is met.
- Turning 65
Whether you’re still working or not, once you’ve reached 65, you can access the full amount of your super.
There are also some specific circumstances not related to retirement, such as financial hardship, where the law allows early access to your super, even if you haven’t reached preservation age.
What’s the best way to access my super?
This will depend on your circumstances, the kind of lifestyle you want and how long you’d ideally like your savings to last.
Drawing on your superannuation in the form of a pension is a common option. A pension is a series of regular payments made as a super income stream. There are different types of pensions to suit your needs and circumstances such as transition to retirement pensions or account-based pensions (also known as allocated pensions).
You can also choose to receive your super via an annuity, or as a lump sum. Find out more about the different types of retirement and superannuation pensions.
A pension or annuity is a retirement income stream that pays out your super savings but will cease once your super savings are depleted, or if you convert your income stream to a lump sum.
It’s worth considering how withdrawing super can affect your tax, and any Centrelink payments (including the Age Pension).
Remember, your super is entirely separate to the Age Pension. Depending on your financial situation, you may be entitled to a full or part Age Pension from the government, or nothing at all.
Where can I get more help?
Doing your research and making a plan for your retirement can help ensure you’re making the most of the options available. It can be worthwhile speaking to your financial adviser or if you don't have an adviser, find one online or contact us on 131 267.
This information is provided by AWM Services Pty Ltd (ABN 15 139 353 496), is general in nature only. It hasn’t taken your personal circumstances into account. Before deciding what’s right for you, it’s important to consider your particular circumstances and read the relevant product disclosure statement or terms and conditions available from AMP at amp.com.au or by calling 131 267 or by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
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