Understanding how the Age Pension works, if you're eligible, and how much you could receive can help you plan in the lead up to retirement.
What is the Age Pension and am I eligible?
The Age Pension is an income support payment provided by the government to people who have reached Age Pension age.
Generally, to be eligible you must:
- be aged 66 or over, depending on when you were born
- be an Australian resident and have lived in Australia for at least 10 years
- meet the income and asset tests.
The qualifying age is increasing by six months every two years, to 67 years by 1 July 2023. That means the age you'll be eligible to apply for the Age Pension will depend on the date you were born, as shown in the table below.
|Your birthdate||Your Age Pension age||Date of Age Pension age change|
|1 January 1954 to 30 June 1955||66 years||1 July 2019|
|1 July 1955 to 31 December 1956||66 years and 6 months||1 July 2021|
|On or after 1 January 1957||67 years||1 July 2023|
To receive the Age Pension, you must be an Australian resident and physically present in Australia on the day you submit your claim. You must also have lived in Australia for at least 10 years, during which there should be at least one period where you have lived in Australia continuously for five years.
Income and assets tests
To see if you are eligible, Centrelink runs two tests: the Age Pension income test and the Age Pension assets test. The tests measure how much income you get and how much your assets are worth. If your income or assets are above certain limits, your Age Pension payment will be reduced, or you may not be eligible at all.
How do income and assets tests work?
Centrelink will assess your income and assets to determine how much money you’ll receive through the Age Pension.
When assessing your income, Centrelink will consider all income streams you receive, including from sources outside Australia.
This includes things like:
- pensions, including account-based pensions
- salary packaging.
It doesn’t include things like:
- rental assistance payments
- payments through an NDIS package
- emergency relief payments
- regular payments from a close relative.
You can find a complete list of all the income sources considered and exempt under the test at The Department of Human Services website.
To work out how much your financial assets are worth as income, they use a set of rules known as deeming. Find out more about deemed income on the Services Australia website.
Centrelink will also use the market value of your assets to make a decision. Assets include things like:
- investment properties
- caravans, cars and boats
- business assets.
You can find a complete list of all assets considered and exempt under the test at The Department of Human Services website.
Overseas assets have their value converted into the equivalent Australian dollar amount.
If you live in your family home, it isn't counted as an asset. But if you decide to sell, it could affect your pension. There are also separate rules for granny flats and retirement village contributions.
There’s a lot of things to consider when it comes to assets and retirement, so it can be a good idea to speak with a financial adviser if possible, so you can make informed decisions.
Depending on the outcome of the income and assets tests, you may receive the full pension or part pension, or no assistance at all.
How much is the Age Pension?
The standard rate for Age Pension payments depends on the results of your income and assets tests. And if you’re single or in a couple.
If you’re eligible, the maximum standard Age Pension2 per fortnight is:
There is another rate, called the transitional rate. This applies to some people who were receiving a part-pension payment before, or on, 19 September 2009.
If you’re eligible, the maximum transitional Age Pension3 per fortnight is:
These amounts do not include any supplements. Age Pension rates are adjusted twice yearly, in March and September.
You can find out more information on the Services Australia website.
Age Pension cut-offs
There are certain cut-offs for income and assets that will mean you’re not eligible to receive any government assistance.
These are the fortnightly cut-offs4 for aged pension income support:
|If you’re||You won’t receive assistance when your income exceeds|
|A standard rate pensioner - single||$2,066 .60|
|Standard rate pensioners - couple living together||$3,163.20 combined|
|Standard rate pensioners - couple living apart due to ill health||$4,093.20 combined|
|A transitional rate pensioner - single||$2,151.25
|Transitional rate pensioners - couple living together||$3,500.00 combined|
|Transitional rate pensioners - couple living apart due to ill health||$4,262.50 combined|
*These thresholds were last updated July 2020
Your Age Pension cut-off point will be higher if you get the Work Bonus. Find out more at Services Australia.
Similarly, there are limits on the value of assets you can hold before you’re no longer eligible for the Age Pension. These fall into three categories – full pension, part-pension and transitional rate.
Cut-offs for assets for the full pension5
|A couple, combined||$401,500||$616,000|
|A couple, separated due to illness, combined||$401,500||$616,000|
|A couple, 1 partner eligible, combined||$401,500||$616,000|
Cut-offs for assets for part pension6
|A couple, combined||$876,500||$1,091,000|
|A couple, separated due to illness, combined||$1,031,500
|A couple, 1 partner eligible, combined||$876,500||$1,091,000|
Cut-offs for assets for transitional rate7
|A couple, combined||$826,500||$1,041,000|
|A couple, separated due to illness, combined||$928,000||$1,142,500|
|A couple, 1 partner eligible, combined||$826,500||$1,041,000|
*These tables only consider those who are receiving pensions (including the Age Pension). Other thresholds apply to other income support payments. Updated July 2020.
Centrelink updates assets test limits in January, March, July and September each year.
If you’re suffering severe financial hardship and your assets reduce your payment or stop you getting one, you can apply for consideration for special provisions. You can find out more at Service Australia Asset Hardship Provisions.
How much will I receive?
Use the Age Pension estimator on the Centrelink website to see what you might receive. As the amount you receive will be based on your income and assets you may want to consider how your assets (both super and non-super) may affect the amount you’re eligible for.
1 https://www.servicesaustralia.gov.au/individuals/services/centrelink/age-pension/who-can-get-it - Table 1
4 https://www.servicesaustralia.gov.au/individuals/topics/income-test-pensions/30406- table 6
5, 6 &7https://www.servicesaustralia.gov.au/individuals/services/centrelink/age-pension/how-much-you-can-get/assets-test/assets#assetstestlimits
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