Your kid may not have listened to anything you've said over the past umpteen years, particularly when it came to their dating preferences, coming home on time and cleaning up after themselves.
However, now they’ve landed their first full-time job, there’s a possibility that could change, which might be music to your ears, particularly if you wish you’d had greater guidance around what to do when you started earning a salary.
With that in mind, here are some things you may want to cover off with them (which you could also text to them using shorter bullet points, or screenshot and tag them on Insta, followed by #parentsknowbest).
Things your child needs to know
1. Your bank account details and tax file number
Your kid will need to give their bank account details to their employer if they want to get paid, so this will no doubt be high on their list of things to do.
On top of that, they’ll need to provide their tax file number as well, because if they don’t, they may end up paying a lot more tax on the income they earn1.
If your child needs a tax file number, they can contact the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) about applying for one.
2. Whether you can choose your super fund
Super is money set aside during your kid’s working life to support them in retirement. It’s deposited into a fund, where it’s invested to potentially earn interest and grow over time.
Most employees can choose their own super fund but your kid will need to check with their employer or the ATO. If they can choose their fund, they’ll typically have a choice between their employer’s fund or a fund they select themselves.
There are things they’ll need to consider though, such as any fees they might pay, how the fund performs and their super investment preferences.
In addition, super funds generally offer a few types of insurance cover as well, which your kid can pay for using their super money, so it’s worth them looking into whether it's something they want.
3. What tax you’re going to pay on the income you earn
Your kid may not be pleased, but they’ll have to pay income tax on every dollar over $18,200 that they earn. And, on top of that, many taxpayers are also charged a Medicare levy of 2%.
The amount of tax they pay will depend on how much they earn. If they’re not sure how much they’ll fork out, the below table includes income tax rates for the 2018/19 financial year2.
Tax they’ll pay on this income
0 – $18,200
$18,201 – $37,000
19c for each $1 over $18,200
$37,001 – $90,000
$3,572 plus 32.5c for each $1 over $37,000
$90,001 – $180,000
$20,797 plus 37c for each $1 over $90,000
$180,001 and over
$54,097 plus 45c for each $1 over $180,000
You might also want to point out that if they’re lucky enough to receive an annual bonus, they’ll also pay tax on this (yes, we know, life isn’t fair).
4. What tax you can claim back when tax time rolls around
If your kid spends some of their own money on work-related expenses (work uniforms, safety equipment, or travel costs to attend training for instance), there is some good news. At the end of the financial year, they may be able to claim some of this money back when they do their tax return.
Remind them that they’ll need to have a record of these expenses, such as receipts, but in some instances if the total amount they’re claiming is $300 or less, they may not need receipts.
Meanwhile, if their expenses are for both work and personal use, they’ll only be able to claim a deduction for the work-related portion. Perhaps point your kid to the myDeductions tool in the ATO app to save records throughout the year, so they don’t have a bag full of receipts to go through.
Meanwhile, tell them if they’re lodging their own tax return, that they have until 31 October to lodge it each year, or maybe longer if they would prefer to use a tax agent.
5. What’s in your contract and what you’re entitled to
An employment contract (which can be in writing or verbal) is an agreement between your kid and their employer which sets out the terms and conditions of their employment. It’s a good idea to know what’s in their contract should questions ever arise around what they’re actually entitled to.
Regardless of whether your kid signs something or not, their contract cannot provide for less than the legal minimum, set out in Australia’s National Employment Standards, which covers things such as3:
- Maximum weekly hours of work
- Requests for flexible working arrangements
- Parental leave and related entitlements
- Annual leave
- Personal/carer’s leave and compassionate leave
- Community service leave
- Long service leave
- Public holidays
- Notice of termination and redundancy pay.
While National Employment Standards apply to all employees covered by the national workplace relations system, only certain entitlements will apply to casual employees. For more information, check out the Australian Government Fair Work Ombudsman website.
6. How to read your payslip so you’re across potential errors
Pay slips have to cover details of an employee’s pay for each pay period. Below is a list of what a pay slip typically includes:
- Your kid’s before-tax pay (also known as gross pay)
- Your kid’s after-tax or take-home pay (also known as net pay)
- What amount of money your kid has paid in tax
- The amount of super their employer has taken out of their pay and put into their super fund
- HELP/HECS debt repayments (if they have an education loan).
Meanwhile, mistakes can happen, so if anything doesn’t look right, tell them to chat to their employer and if your kid has raised an issue they’re not satisfied with, they can also contact the Fair Work Ombudsman.
7. How much super is coming out of your pay and if it’s correct
If your kid is earning over $450 (before tax) a month, no less than 9.5% of their before-tax salary should generally be going into their super under the Superannuation Guarantee scheme.
If they’re under 18 and work a minimum of 30 hours per week, they may still be owed super. For this reason, it’s important that they check their payslip and if something doesn’t look right, that they speak to their boss or contact the ATO.
Another thing to note, is if your kid does change jobs, this is when super accounts can start to multiply. It might not sound like a big deal, but multiple accounts can often mean multiple sets of fees, so they may want to ensure that they only have one account rather than many.
8. How to budget and save so you can get what you want in life
Budgeting may be another point that makes your kid’s eyes glaze over but jotting down into three categories - what money is coming in, what cash is required for the mandatory stuff and what dough might be left over for their social life (or saving for their future), could really go a long way.
If they’re paying off debts, or on a more exciting note, want to buy a car or go on a holiday, getting a grip on their money habits early on could see them get a lot more out of life.
Looking for further tips?
If your kid could benefit from some further insights, the following articles may be of interest:
- Money mistakes you make in your 20s
- 8 tips to save on a night out
- The top 10 lifestyle costs draining Aussies of cash
Meanwhile, if your kid wants to stay on track financially, they may also be interested in checking out the AMP Bett3r Account, which enables users to track bills, set up savings goals and know what’s safe to spend.
1 Money Smart – Starting work (Get a tax file number)
2 Australian Taxation Office – Individual income tax rates
3 Australian Government Fair Work Ombudsman – Introduction to the National Employment Standards
Whether it’s the war on waste, human rights abuses, animal rights or climate change that is your issue of choice (or perhaps you’re concerned about all of them), more of us are taking an interest in making decisions with our money that reflect our values.