Even if you’re nearing retirement age you mightn’t be looking to leave the workforce just yet. Maybe you want to save more money, or perhaps you enjoy the mental stimulation and interaction.
Whatever the reason, having access to a transition to retirement (TTR) income stream could provide greater financial flexibility, as you can periodically withdraw money from your super while continuing to work full-time, part-time or casually.
We answer some of the commonly asked questions, including how the tax treatment of TTR income streams changed on 1 July 2017.
What’s a TTR income stream?
It’s a type of pension that enables you to access some of your super via periodic payments, even if you’re still working and receiving an income from your employer or business.
To access your super this way, you must have reached your preservation age, which will be between 55 and 60, depending on when you were born.
See the table below to work out what your preservation age is.
|Date of birth||Preservation age|
|Before 1 July 1960||55|
|1 July 1960 - 30 June 1961||56|
|1 July 1961 - 30 June 1962||57|
|1 July 1962 - 30 June 1963||58|
|1 July 1963 - 30 June 1964||59|
|1 July 1964 and onwards||60|
Are there withdrawal limits?
You can only withdraw between 4% and 10% of your super savings each financial year. And, you aren't able to make lump sum withdrawals unless you meet certain conditions of release, such as retirement.
It’s also worth noting the income you receive is based on the amount you have in your super, so you won’t be guaranteed an income for life.
If you’d like an idea of how much you’ll have in retirement and how long your retirement savings might last, our online retirement simulator tool can help you crunch the numbers.
How are TTR income streams taxed?
Up to age 60, the taxable amount of your income from a TTR pension is taxed at your personal income tax rate, less a 15% tax offset. Then, once you turn 60, the income you receive from your TTR pension is completely tax-free.
While the tax treatment of income you receive from a TTR pension has not changed, the tax treatment of investment earnings on super fund assets that support TTR pensions changed on 1 July 2017.
Before 1 July 2017
Investment earnings on super fund assets that supported a TTR income stream were previously tax free.
After 1 July 2017
Earnings on fund assets supporting a TTR income stream are now subject to the same maximum 15% tax rate that applies to super accumulation funds.
What other things should I consider?
The ability to commence a TTR income stream may present you with some useful opportunities.
For example, you could either work less, or work the same hours while sacrificing some of your salary into super. In both cases, you can use your TTR income stream to supplement any reduction in your take-home pay.
There are however numerous things to consider, particularly when it comes to weighing up your circumstances and properly assessing any potential tax implications. These include1:
- Talking to your super fund, as not all funds accommodate TTR income streams
- Figuring out if you want to reduce your work hours, or work full-time and salary sacrifice
- Thinking about your income sources and calculating your income needs
- Finding out what your government entitlements are, as there may be implications
- If you have life insurance through your super fund, checking it won’t be affected.
What if I choose to retire?
If, after you reach your preservation age, you decide you’d rather retire from the workforce, you will have other options when it comes to your super.
- Take some or all of it as a lump sum - while this may be tempting, it won’t be the best option for everyone and there may be tax implications to consider, particularly if you’re under age 60. To find out more, read – Should I take my super as a lump sum?
- Move it into an account-based pension - this will give you a regular income in retirement and you won’t be limited to what you can withdraw. For details including new rules that came into effect on 1 July 2017, read - Making sense of account-based pensions
- Purchase an annuity - these generally pay a guaranteed series of payments over an agreed period. You will however be sacrificing some flexibility as you can’t easily make lump sum withdrawals and life expectancy is also a consideration. For details, read – What’s an annuity?
Where to go for more information?
For further assistance around whether a TTR income stream may be right for you, speak to your financial adviser or if you need help finding one, call us on 131 267 or use our find an adviser tool.
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